It is a method of teaching, reading writing of the English language. It is done by developing learner’s phonemic awareness – the ability to hear, identify and manipulate phonemes. With the help of phonics knowledge, kids start decoding words that they see or hear and start blending them. It is done by demonstrating the relationship between the sounds of the spoken language, and the letters, groups of letters, or syllables of the written language. Research also shows when phonics is taught in the structured way starting with the easiest sound progressing through to the most complex sound, it is the most effective way of teaching young children to read. It also helps your child to know which letter to use as he/she writes words. Approximately 2 years of phonics instruction is sufficient for most students. If phonics teaching begins in kindergarten, it should be completed by the end of the first grade. It is taught with the help of flashcards, activities, drawing, sand art, Art & craft and many more.